A Sequence of Maps of Stoke Newington

Part 2: From 1868


The 1868 Ordnance Survey Map

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The 1868 Ordnance Survey Map is a very beautiful example of cartography. It shows that many houses ha been built in the South Hornsey part of the area but the Stoke Newington fields were lagging behind. The road we call Clissold Crescent and the area behind, was one long estate consisting of three large fields, well landscaped and edged with sheltering trees. These three today hold long terraces of houses and a factory estate.

The Booth Poverty maps 1889-90

The Stoke Newington Sheet

The contrast of rich and poor areas of London in 1889, especially when looking at on the coloured maps, is startling. London Topographical Society reproduced the maps for most of London on four large coloured sheets. Lay out these maps in one block and the yellows and reds, colours of light and wealth and warmth, are concentrated in smallish areas on the north-west sheet. All the others are drab purple and blue, with areas of dark blue and even black, the colours of cold and outer darkness.

The London School of Economics published more maps including one from Stoke Newington which reaches up as far as Lordship Park. This is the northern limit of the Booth maps.

This is the Stoke Newington section and is the most northerly area covered. The map did not extend up to Woodberry Down, but the colours would have been similar to the ones at the lower end of Lordship Road.


Part of Map Descriptive of London Poverty, 1888-89

Sheet 3 Northern District

KEY
Wealthy (three or more servants; houses rated £100 or more)
Well to do (one or two servants)
Working class comfort
Comfort mixed with poverty
Standard poverty
Very poor

The lowest grade

There will be more detailed 1889 Booth Maps of Stoke Newington for the schools south of, and including, Grazebrook. The other school histories will refer to the Booth map. The only modern school which would have been in a "Very Poor" area was St Mary's Primary. William Patten school building was built in 1892 as Church Street School in a "Well To Do" area.

London School of Economics.

The source of the copies of the Charles Booth's Poverty Map is the London Topographical Reproduction plus one sheet from London School of Economics. However, all the maps, supporting documents and compilers' reports, are available on a brilliant website. http://booth.lse.ac.uk/. This additional material, which includes conversations with local policmen, clegymen and school board officers is full of lively material about the different small patches of London and bring history to life.

Uses of the Booth Poverty Maps in this website.


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The 1894 Ordnance Survey Map

The 1894 map shows how quickly the houses were built, covering field after field as people ran away from the dust and confusion of London. Between 1860 and 1880 London was like the Wild West. Railways, sewers and roads were being built everywhere and nine tenths of the population fled to the suburbs.

'The London Building Scene in the 1860's', by John Summerson, put the sudden explosion of population in Stoke Newington, elegantly in place.


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1914 Ordnance Survey

By the time of the 1914 Ordnance Survey map the street pattern had been set. There would not be much change, apart from some building of Local Authority flats and a few new houses with garages in the Woodberry Down area, until the end of the Second World War.


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1935 Ordnance Survey

At this period there was hardly any change but the Derwent House and Hewely House, in Mathias Road, blocks of flats were being planned and would be built just before the Second World War.

They survived the war and and have recently been modernised.


 

The London County Coucil Bomb Damage Maps, 1939-45

A small piece of the Bombing Map1939-45

This is a very small part of the L. C. C. Bombing map of London which was compiled immediately after the Second World War to show the extent and the nature of the bomb damage. The darker the colour, the more serious was the damage. This ranged from Black- total demolition, to Yellow- slight blast damage. The large circle denoted a flying bomb.

Colour Key References
Black -Total destruction
Purple - Damaged beyond repair
Dark Red - Doubtful if repairable
Light Red - Seriously damaged, but repairable at cost
Orange - General blast damage, not structural
Yellow - Blast damage, minor in nature
O V1 flying bomb large circle
o V2 long range rocket. small circle

There will be slight variations in the colours because the original maps
are old and the colour balance on computer monitors will vary

Uses of the Bombing Map on this website

London Topographical Society’s magnificent edition of the map, published in 2006, is the most important individual piece of information about London that has been published for years. Anyone wanting to know why building styles change along a street, must consult this book. It is invaluable.

Copies of any particular area can be obtained, for private or school use, from London Metropolitan Archives who own the copyright.


Comparing these coloured Bombing Maps
with my original back and white photo-copies.

I first found these maps in the Lower basement of County Hall forty years ago. The architects kindly gave me black and white photocopies which I used in several books to explain why post-war estates were built where they were, or why a new building stands in a terrace of old houses for no apparent reason. One architect had been called in to rebuild a house which was collapsing. They were digging down to find the reason and were still bringing up complete window frames from 5 metres down. The bombing map proved that the house had been built on a huge bomb crater. Rubble from bombed houses had been thrown into the hole and forgotten. Years later a new house had been built on the site and had now collapsed. A court case followed.

The black and white copies give only a crude illustration of the damage. The coloured ones show the centre of impact in a dark colour and rings of lesser damage around it in lighter ones. The coloured maps are far more specific are even more important than I had previously thought.

 


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1953 Ordnance Survey

++Information about changes resulting from the bomb damages caused in the war.


To help show the changes the previous 6 maps can be viewed as overlays. This helps to show the changes to a particular area over the 100 years covered by these maps. The damage caused by the Second World War is reflected by the number of "prefabs" in the areas which suffered heavy damage, for example the V1 damage at the Albion Road triangle.
 
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1864 Map Full Size 1874 Map Full Size 1874 Map in New Window
1894 Map Full Size 1894 Map Full Size 1894 Map in New Window
1915 Map Full Size 1915 Map Full Size 1915 Map in New Window
1935 Map Full Size 1935 Map Full Size 1935 Map in New Window
Bomb Damage Map Full Size Bomb Damage Map Full Size Bomb Damage Map in New Window
1954 Map Full Size 1954 Map Full Size 1954 Map in New Window
 

Most maps after this date are still in copyright, so are not available here. No doubt Schools will have their own copies and the right to photocopy them, while others will have road maps and other ones from other sources.


Google Street Map

Stoke Newington South


Google Satelite Map Today

Stoke Newington South

Part 1: Uptil 1868

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